I remember visiting Bhadravathi in 1979 as part of our school education trip. We visited Vishweshwaraya Iron and Steel Limited (VISL) factory and all I can remember is that it was very hot and noisy inside. We friends were busy noticing that the water in our water bottle had become warm. The unit was started by Sir M Vishweshwaraya and was known as Mysore Iron and Steel plant. They were pioneer in production of high quality alloy, special steels and pig iron. The factory now is defunct. There are many other industries flourishing in Bhadravathi.
Bhadravathi town is situated in Karnataka and it is 255 Km from Bangalore. The town got its name due to the River Bhadra, which flows into town.
The first thing that comes to mind when you plan on a trip to Goa, is the beaches, sun, food, paddy fields and beautiful white washed churches standing out in the fields surrounded by palm and betel nut trees.
Currently, 33 percent of Goan population is Christians. They were all converted to Christianity during the Portuguese rule. Churches were built on lands reserved for temples. The architecture of the churches in Goa is influenced by Portuguese, Hinduism, Roman, and Lisbon. The amalgamation of these architectural styles makes the Churches unique and attracts many international tourists.
Padmanabho mara prabhuh |
Sthavishtah sthaviro dhruvah||
-Verse from Vishnusahasranama (1000 names of lord Vishnu)
Mallur also known, as Doddamallur is famous for its ancient Sri Aprameya (Vishnu), Sri Rama and Ambegalu Navneetha (crawling Krishna) temples built and expanded by the Chola king Rajendra Simha. It is a village on the banks of river Kanva in Channapatna taluk, Bangalore rural district. Mallur is 60 Kms from Bangalore and 3 Kms from Channapatna. The temple is conveniently situated beside the Bangalore-Mysore highway.
A lake in the middle of the desert is a surprise to the visitors and the presence of an exquisitely carved sandstone balcony in the lake adds to the mystical charm. Gadisar Lake is a man-made lake also known as Gadsisar / Gadsi / Garisisar lake.
The main source of this lake was rain water and is believed to have been present from the 2nd century. This natural catchment area was the only source of water to Jaisalmer city. Recognizing the importance of this lake, Maharawal Gadsi Singh built and protected the lake in 1367. In 1400 Maharaja Garisisar Singh rebuilt and restored the lake.
Chattris / royal cenotaphs and temples surround the banks of the lake. Gadisar Lake is situated to the south of Jaisalmer city. An intricately sandstone carved archway to the lake was built by the court dancer Tilon and hence it is known as Tilon-Ki-Pol. She has installed an image of Lord Satyanarayana on the gate. The lake is buzzes with activity during Gangaur festival celebrations.
The drive to Mungueshi Temple is beautiful as the road winds into the lush green Western Ghats hills. The temple is situated in Priol, Goa. Before the invasion of Portuguese, the temple was situated on the south side of the Zuari River. Lord Munguesh is the main deity of this temple and is an incarnation of Lord Shiva.
The guides explained to us that the nightingale of India Ms. Lata Mangeshkar’s family are great devotees of Lord Munguesh and have contributed a lot for the maintenance of the temple.
You will be surprised to know that there are some beautiful and ancient temples dedicated to Hindu gods in Goa. Not so surprising either as the residents of Goa before the Portuguese came in were all Hindus. Currently, 65 percent of Goa population is Hindu. Ponda region is known as the temple heartland of Goa.
Most of the Goa temples are built away from the coast. They are situated on hills surrounded by forests. Many temples were destroyed by Portuguese as they wanted everyone to be converted to Christianity. Hindu devotees on the news that their place worship would be destroyed would smuggle out the idol of the deities to remote places beyond the borders of Portuguese rule. New temples were built for the deities around Ponda Taluk.
The temples built after the invasion of Portuguese and Mughals have Christian and Muslim architectural influence.
The word Dungeon is morbid and imagination conjures up of prisoners suffering in the dark dungeons. To see it for real, travel to Srirangapatna and visit the Dungeon built during the rule of Tipu Sultan. He used the dungeons to confine the British officers. It is named after a British prisoner Colonel Bailey who died in this dungeon in 1780.
There are shoulder height stone slabs fixed on the East, North and West walls with holes. The captives would be chained at the wrists and tied to the slab with waist deep cold water.
Are you craving for the sand to slip through your toes, feel the sea breeze on your hair, hear the music of waves hungry to touch the shore, sipping in a cool long drink, then the right place for you is South Goa beaches. South Goa beaches are a contrast to North Goa beaches.
Following are some of the many beaches dotting South Goa. Enjoy!
The Bogmalo beach is small with a sandy stretch surrounded by three hills, lush with greenery. Unlike other beaches in Gao, this attractive beach is clean and less crowded. The beach is 4 Km from Dabolim Airport and 10 km southeast of Vasco. 5 Kms from here is Sao Jacinto Island with old quaint houses and chapel.