I call Marigolds “Happiness flowers” as they are the happiness quotient in a garden.
The botanical name of Marigold is Tagetes erecta and belongs to family Asteraceae. There are 56 species of this annual plant and is grown all over the world. The other common names are French Marigold, African/American Marigold, Tall Marigold (species: Tagetes), Pot Marigold (Species: Calendula), Sthulapushpa (Sanskrit), Genda Phool (Hindi), Chandu Hoovu (Kannada), Mary’s Gold.
The plant grows to a height of 3 – 6 feet. The leaves are green and pinnate with a musky smell. The flowers are golden yellow, orange, yellow-brown, and maroon-yellow. Marigold flower usually blooms to 6 cm in diameter.
Phlox are one of the most preferred flowers to plant in pots and beds. The botanical name is Phlox paniculata and belongs to the family Polemoniaceae. They are also known as Garden Phlox, Tall phlox, and Summer phlox.
These annuals bloom in vivid colors like blue, violet, red, pink, purple, orange, white, and also in bicolor. There are 67 species of Phlox and some of them are fragrant.
Petunias are attractive tubular flowers that bloom in innumerable shades belongs to family Solanaceae. It is native of South America and was discovered by James Tweedie.
There are many species of Petunia like Grandiflora, Hedgiflora (spreading), Multiflora, Milliflora, and so on. Grandiflora is the most popular species. Plants quickly grow to a height of 10-16 inches. They bloom in summer.